Hello there. 'Selamat Datang ke Malaysia'. This means 'Welcome to Malaysia' in our official dialect, Bahasa Malaysia. It is impossible to cover all the details about Malaysia in this short time, but I'll provide you with a general overview. People One of the things that you'll discover the most fascinating about Malaysia is the people and its culture. Being multi-ethnic, multi-cultural and multi-lingual country with a population of 28 million is not an easy task and race continues to be a topic of intense debate and is a major factor in every aspect in Malaysian life. The Malaysian population is comprised of 62 percent Bumiputeras that includes Malays and Indigenous peoples and 24 percent Chinese and 8percent Indians and the remainder are minorities from other countries. In Malaysia"lain-lain" or other. The citizenship requirements hyderabad news in East Malaysia or the states of Sabah and Sarawak is a bit different from the citizenship of Peninsular Malaysia for immigration purposes. When West Malaysians travel to East Malaysia, they are required to carry their MyKad which is a biometric smart chip identification card that must be carried by all citizens of Malaysia throughout the day. The Malays are the biggest group of people, and are classified by the term Muslims in the constitution of Malaysia- in other terms, if you're Malay you automatically Muslim. Malays are the dominant group in Malaysia. Malays are the biggest brothers in politics, ruling the political arena. Their language of birth is Malay which is the official language of the nation. They are sometimes referred to as "bumiputra" or "princes of the earth' and are favored by certain affirmative actions policies. This is a source of contention with a number of minorities. In addition, getting 10 to 25 percent discount on an apartment and also receiving government grants and tenders are just a few of the benefits. What is the reason for this? I'll explain more in the section on economy. The second largest group is the Chinese. They're predominantly Buddhists, Taoists or Christians. The Chinese community is comprised of a range of Chinese dialects, including Mandarin, Hokkien, Cantonese, Hakka, and Teochewall of which are native to the family-owned provinces of China. However, today, a lot of Chinese use English as their primary language, and there are some who only speak English. While you think that the Malays rule the politics scene, Chinese dominate the business world. There is a substantial middle class made up of Chinese. The third largest group is the Indians. They are Indians in Malaysia are mostly the Hindus of southern India who speak Tamil. There are also other Indian communities that live here, and they speak a variety of dialects, including Telugu, Malayalam and Hindi. A large portion of middle- to upper-middle-class Indians living in Malaysia also use English as their first language. There's also a thriving 200-strong Indian Muslim community that thrives as an autonomous cultural group. If you are hungry at the end in the evening, then you most likely will go to an'mamak', which is which is a type of restaurant that is open 24 hours a day which is usually owned by the Indian Muslim. There is also a significant Sikh group in Malaysia with a population of over 100,000. The biggest indigenous tribe that isn't Malay are that of the Iban of Sarawak which number more than 600,000. They still reside in traditional jungle villages with long homes on the Rajang as well as the Lupar rivers, but some have moved to cities. There are also the Bidayuhs which number about 170,000, and live in the southern part of Sarawak. There are also the Kadazans which is the largest tribe of indigenous people in Sabah and are mostly Christian farmers. There are also the 140,000 Orang Asli (also known as aborigines) who reside within Peninsular Malaysia. Traditionally, nomadic hunters-gatherers and agriculturalists Many have been integrated into modern Malaysia. In addition, due to interracial marriage, there is many races, such as the Eurasians which are the descendants of marriages between people of the British, Dutch and Portuguese and also the locals. They are a creole from Portugal known as Papia Kristang. Also, there are Eurasians who are of Filipino and Spanish origin, mostly from Sabah. Originating from immigrants from the Philippines Some speak Chavacano which is the sole creole that is based on Spanish in Asia. There are also Cambodians and Vietnamese which are mainly Buddhists. There are also Thai Malaysians who make up large portions in the states that comprise northern Peninsular such as Perlis, Kedah, Penang, Perak, Kelantan and Terengganu. In addition to being Thai the majority of them are Buddhists and celebrate Songkran as well as the Water festival, and speak Hokkien however certain of them are Muslim and are able to speak Kelantan, which is the Kelantanese Malay dialect. There are also the Bugis and Javanese that make up of the majority of people in Johor. Additionally, there have been many expatriates and foreigners who have established themselves as Malaysia the second country they call home, and also contribute to the Malaysian population. There are also the Babas and Nyonyas as well as the Straits Chinese; descendants of Chinese who traded in the ancient city of Malacca who were married to local Malays. They blend Malay and Chinese customs in a manner to develop a new culture. They dress most of the time in traditional Malay style, wearing the kebaya the ketat, an iconic Malay traditional dress, and they speak a distinct dialect of Malay and prepare meals that are a blend of the two cultures. As a country of multiracial origin Cultural exchanges and integrations are essential. This can be observed at Malay wedding ceremonies, which include elements from the Hindu customs from southern India. The bride and the groom wear beautiful brocades, sit in a state and eat each other yellow rice , with hands decorated with Henna. Another instance is that Muslims as well as Hindus have adopted the Chinese tradition of handing out small cash-filled red packets or "ang pau" at celebrations like Aidilfitri and Deepavali. The colors of the packets differ, but the concept is the same. In Malaysia It is possible to move from a kampong, or village, through a rubber estate, to an Chinese coffee shop and feel like you've seen many aspects of one country. Visit the nearest Kuala Lumpur suburb and observe. A Chinese home will be occupied by an elderly woman prayerful and lighting joss sticks to honor her ancestors. An Indian household will also be listening to the radio with new Tamil song, and the Malay family is getting ready to go to the nearest mosque. The issue of race relations remains a controversial problem that affects every aspect of Malaysian life. Stereotypes become inevitable. They say that the Malays are slow and lazy The Chinese are shrewd and love to gamble while the Indians have a habit of drinking, and are known to beat wives. It is still heard frequently in the streets, mostly times as a joke however sometimes it is an insult. Being associated with your race is a common practice. For example, job interviews require that you state your race, but this requirement is gradually decreasing. If you inform an Malaysian that you witnessed an accident on the road, he will likely ask whether it was Malay or one of the Chinese or an Indian. If you were robbed, you'll be asked if it was an Indian, a Chinese, Malay or an Indian. If you're payed peanuts and your boss is Chinese. If you're a motorbike rider and you're a Malay. If you're in a posh area then you're probably Chinese. It's possible to go on and on, but I'd like you to discover these stereotypes for yourself! In addition to being a melting-pot of different race groups, Malaysia has also been described as a multicultural country that has Islam as the main religion. About 63 percent of the people in Malaysia practice Islam and 18 percent practice Buddhism and 7 percent Christianity and 6 percent Hinduism and 2 percent of traditional Chinese religions like Taoism. The remainder of the population is accounted for by other religions, such as Animism, Folk religion, Sikhism, while 1 percent is not a religious person. Although the Malaysian constitution provides religious freedom, Malay Muslims are obliged to adhere to the rulings of Syariah courts in relation to issues pertaining to Islam. The process of converting from Islam within Malaysia is a majorly controversial matter, and although it has been tried by a few, it is an undertaking that involves lengthy legal battles, and isn't popular with the majority of the Muslim adherents. The Islamic judges of Syariah courts are expected to follow the Islamic law. Syariah court are required to adhere to what is known as the Shafi`I method of Islam which is the primary religion that is the main denomination of Islam within Malaysia. The authority to the Shariah court is restricted to Muslims in matters like marriage inheritance, apostasy and inheritance custody, and conversion to Islam. There are no other civil or criminal crimes fall under the jurisdiction that of Syariah courts. However, there have been efforts from Pan Islamic Party Pan Islamic Party to implement the hudud law or Islamic law. It's a lot to take in. It's important to understand the way culture, race and religion function in Malaysia to better understand Malaysian life. Go out and see whether you recognize who's Malay and who's Chinese or Indian and, as we Malaysians like to call it Lain-lain or any of the other. Economy Let's have a glance at Malaysian economy right now. Spice trade was a an important business in Malaysia during the reign during the Malaccan Sultanate. After the British came in the country, palm oil and rubber trees were a major source of income. In the next few years, Malaysia became the world's largest producer of tin palm oil, and rubber. With these three products, Malaysia was poised for huge economic expansion. In this period of growth and the time of economic growth, the government attempted to end poverty through an unpopular New Economic Policy, or the NEP following the May 13 incident of the riots of racial origin in 1969. In the past, economics were based on race: the Malays were employed for farmers on the fields of paddy, or civil servants. The Chinese owned business and the Indians were tapping rubber trees in the estates of rubber. The main goal of the policy was to eliminate the link between race and economic purpose like it was in the period that of British. However, it was also a source of controversy. New Economic Policy was laden with controversial affirmative policies favoring the Malays and was an issue of contention to this day. In the past, Malaysia was heavily dependent on agriculture. It was required to transition towards an economy that was based on manufacturing. Inspiring by the Asian Tigers in the 70s that included South Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong and Singapore, Malaysia changed from a reliance on agriculture and mining to an economy that was based on manufacturing. In the following years, Malaysia consistently achieved more than 7% growth in its GDP and low inflation during the 80s and 1990s. In the present, Malaysia is home to one of the largest computer hard disk manufacturing facilities. The Asian Financial Crisis hit in the autumn of 1997 and brought an economic shock to Malaysia. Foreign direct investment dropped sharply while capital poured out of Malaysia, values of ringgit fell between 2.50 Ringgit versus 1 US Dollar, and at one time, 4.80 Ringgit versus 1 US Dollar. The National Economic Action Council was established to address the financial crisis. Bank Negara, the country's central bank, imposed capital control and fixed to the Malaysian Ringgit to 3.80 against the US dollar. Malaysia has refused aid to the economy by both the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank, much to the surprise of analysts. The revival of Malaysian economy was accompanied by massive budget deficits and government spending during the period following the economic crisis. Malaysia eventually experienced a faster economic growth than its neighbors. Malaysia's rapid growth in economic and prosperity is exemplified by the construction of the Petronas Twin Towers in Kuala Lumpur which are the highest twin towers in the world . They also serve as the headquarters of Malaysia's national oil company. Although the pace of Malaysia's growth today isn't as fast, it is considered to be more sustainable. Malaysia is also the world's biggest Islamic financial and banking center. In the end, the fixed rate of exchange was withdrawn in July 2005 , in favor of a floating managed system within one hour of China announcement of the same change. The time, in the same period of time, the Ringgit grew by one percent against a variety of major currencies, and was predicted to increase in value. Presently Malaysia is classified as a country that is just becoming industrialized and , as of 2008, is home to a per capita GDP of 14,215 USD which ranks the country 48th in the world and second on the list of Southeast Asia, but lagging in comparison to its Southern neighbor, Singapore.